Guppies have a simple life cycle. In this article, we will explore the various growth stages of guppies and provide guidance on caring for them at each stage to ensure they grow into vibrant, healthy, and sizable fish.
How large can guppies grow? Female guppies can reach lengths of up to 2 inches (5 cm), while males can grow up to 1.5 inches (3.8 cm). By adhering to the recommendations outlined in this article, you can expect your guppies to achieve their full size in approximately 5-6 months.
It’s worth noting that guppies are livebearers. This means they do not lay eggs, thus eliminating the larval stage altogether.
The male guppy fertilizes the female, after which the baby guppies develop inside the mother’s body for about 30 days before birth.
Guppy Fish Growth Chart at Different Stages
|Stage||Age||Size||Key Characteristics||Care Tips|
|Fry Guppy||Birth||~1/4 inch (0.6 mm)||Free-swimming; Might appear misshapen initially||Provide hiding spots; Feed powdery consistency flake food; Introduce baby brine shrimp; 12-16 hours aquarium light; Frequent water changes|
|Juvenile Guppy||1 month||1/4 to 3/4 inches (1.2-2 cm)||Distinct colors; Visible gravid spots in females; Males’ tails start showing color||Feed brine shrimp, bloodworms, high-quality flakes, spirulina, plankton pellets, beef heart|
|Young Guppy||2 months||1-1.5 inches (2.5 to 3.8 cm)||Begin sexual maturation; Males separated from females by some breeders||Reduce fat, increase protein and greens; Focus on brine shrimp, spirulina, plankton pellets|
|Adult Guppy||6 months onwards||Females: 1.5-2 inches (4-6 cm)
Males: 1.2-1.6 inches (3-4 cm)
|Fully matured; Fins/tails may elongate based on genetics||Feed protein-rich flake food; Avoid fatty foods|
Guppy fry are naturally free-swimming from birth. Immediately after being born, their instinct is to seek shelter. Initially, they might appear slightly misshapen, but within a few hours, their bodies straighten and they become robust enough to start feeding.
Although guppy fry are petite, measuring about 1/4 inch (0.6 mm) in length, they are often seen as prey by adult guppies and larger fish. To protect your fry, consider isolating the pregnant guppy from the community tank or offering plenty of hiding spots like live plants.
While guppy fry can consume the same diet as their parents, ensure flake foods are crushed into a powdery consistency before offering. Introducing live foods, such as baby brine shrimp, can be particularly beneficial. Additionally, the yolk of a hard-boiled egg can significantly aid in their development.
To promote growth, keep the aquarium light on for 12-16 hours daily.
If you’re feeding the fry multiple times daily, frequent water changes become crucial. Some breeders even opt for daily or every-other-day complete water replacements.
By around one month, guppy fry transition into their juvenile stage.
In the juvenile stage, guppies begin to exhibit distinct colors, making it easier to differentiate between the sexes. Females are generally larger with visible gravid spots, while male tails are smaller and begin to show color. Additionally, the gonopodium in male guppies starts to form.
The juvenile phase is pivotal in a guppy’s life, emphasizing the need for optimal nutrition and water quality. Suitable foods during this stage include brine shrimp, bloodworms, high-quality flakes, spirulina, plankton pellets, and beef heart.
During the juvenile stage, guppies measure between 1/4 and 3/4 inches (1.2 to 2 cm) in length. By approximately 2 months, they begin sexual maturation, transitioning into young adult guppies.
Young guppies typically become sexually active around 2 months of age. Selective guppy breeders often separate males from females during the juvenile phase. Keeping the males apart from the females can enhance their growth, as their focus remains solely on feeding rather than reproduction.
The dietary needs of young guppies differ slightly from those of guppy fry. It’s advisable to reduce their fat intake and increase their protein and greens. While brine shrimp should remain their primary food source, incorporating spirulina and plankton pellets can aid in achieving richer coloration.
By approximately 6 months of age, guppies mature into adults.
By approximately 6 months, guppies mature into adults. The size they attain as adults largely depends on their genetics and environmental conditions. Typically, an adult female guppy can grow to around 1.5-2 inches (4-6 cm).
Their rate of growth either halts or diminishes considerably. The fins and tails of male guppies might elongate further over time, influenced by their genetic makeup.
For vibrant and healthy guppies, a diverse diet is key. Flake food rich in protein should constitute their primary diet. It’s best to avoid fatty foods, as they can be detrimental to their health.
How Long do Guppies Typically Live?
Guppies have a lifespan of about 2-5 years. However, their longevity can vary based on factors like genetics, diet, water quality, and overall care. By the age of 1.5-2 years, adult guppies often become infertile and are no longer capable of reproduction.
Can Different Guppy Stages be Housed Together?
Guppies, across various growth stages, can coexist in the same aquarium. However, caution is required. Adult guppies might see guppy fry as prey, potentially leading to predation. Juvenile and young guppies generally coexist peacefully. To safeguard fry, providing hiding spots, like dense plants, is beneficial. Separating pregnant females or using breeding boxes can also reduce risks.
How Often Should Guppies be fed at Different Stages?
Guppies’ dietary needs vary across growth stages. Fry require frequent feedings, about 4-5 times daily, due to rapid growth. Juvenile guppies benefit from being fed 2-3 times daily. Adult guppies, with slower metabolic rates, are sufficiently nourished with 1-2 feedings daily. Overfeeding can lead to water contamination, so it’s crucial to offer food in amounts they can consume within a few minutes.
Image of Guppy Fry: https://www.flickr.com/photos/evanko/6815929086/